A football field like this one looks very standard. The playing surface is divided into a center circle and two end zones with penalty boxes in between. Each penalty area features a penalty spot and a 6-yard box. Each pitch must be between 90 and 120 meters in length and 45 and 90 meters in width. The dimensions of the penalty area are 16 by 40 meters, with a 9-meter circumference. There are goalposts at both ends of the field, and the penalty area is located 11 meters (12 yards) in front of them.


There are 11 players on the field for each team, plus additional replacements on the bench. There is no predetermined formation for the players to follow, however a 4-4-2 formation featuring four defenders, four midfielders, and two forwards is typical.

The table below is an example of a typical lineup. Teams are allowed to set up in this formation, but players are still free to roam the field as they see fit. In order to throw off the defense, the wingers regularly switch positions.

The diagram below doesn’t include certain common positions that people often assume.

The acronym CDM refers to the defensive midfield position. These men are in the middle of the field, but they tend to play defense, so when the ball is played forward, everyone should take a step or two back. Such athletes often excel at both playmaking and tackling.

Center Attacking Midfield is the abbreviation for this position. They, too, occupy the central midfield position, but their offensive focus makes them lethal from the penalty spot.


Defending your own net while kicking the ball into the opponent’s is the name of the game of soccer. In contrast to certain sports, a player in this one is free to run while carrying the ball and toss it to any teammate. Very few rules apply when it comes to passing. The offside rule is the first, and it will be covered in more detail below. The subsequent occurrence occurs when the ball is returned to you from the goalkeeper. If you pass the ball to the keeper with your feet, he must use his feet to play as well. If you pass the ball back to him, he’s free to grab it.

Brief social norms

The ball is kicked off from the center circle at the beginning of each half and immediately following a team goal. No longer do you have to pass the ball ahead before attempting a reverse pass.

No one is allowed in the opposite half when the ball is kicked off.

It could result in a free kick or a penalty depending on where the foul occurred. If the conditions are right, there could be free kicks there.

When the attacking team kicks the ball past the other team’s goal line, it is called a goal kick. If the defensive team kicks the ball behind their own goal line, the attacking team gets a corner kick.

Tackling is the skill of removing the ball from the players’ feet. It’s important to establish contact with the ball during tackling. Making contact with a player other than the ball is a foul. Avoid injuring your opponent by lunging with both feet in the air when tackling. You commit a foul if you elbow, tug on their jersey, or shove another player.